What do you do when you’re sick with the flu?
Posted by alexialarson
We all get sick from time to time. Sometime it is just a minor cold – which is expected when living in this frozen tundra. Sometimes, however, it is the flu (AKA influenza) – a respiratory illness caused by a virus. Flu is highly contagious and is usually spread by people coughing and sneezing around you. The virus then becomes airborne and can be inhaled by anyone nearby. You can also get the flu if you touch a contaminated surface like a phone or a doorknob and then touch your nose or mouth.
Adults are contagious one day before getting symptoms and up to 7 days after becoming ill which means that you can spread the flu virus not even knowing that you are infected. According to the National Institutes of Health (NIH), between 5% and 20% of Americans get the flu each year.
So how do you know it is flu? The most common symptoms of the flu are:
– Fever: 100-102°F lasting 3-4 days
– Muscle or body aches
– Fatigue/weakness lasting 2-3 weeks
– Extreme exhaustion at onset of virus
– Chest discomfort and cough, especially if it becomes severe
– Rare: vomiting or diarrhea
– Occasional symptoms might include stuffy nose, sneezing, and sore throat. However, these symptoms are more likely to be the common cold rather than flu.
Complications of the flu can be life threatening, such as bacterial pneumonia, ear infection, sinus infection, dehydration, or worsening of chronic medical conditions like congestive heart failure, asthma, or diabetes. More than 200,000 people are hospitalized and 36,000 die annually because of flu in the United States, according to NIH.
To avoid these unpleasant symptoms and terrible complications that can prevent you from studying and having social life, there are a couple of things you can do to recover faster:
1. Blow your nose often and right away: gently blow while plugging the other nostril to avoid irritation.
2. Stay rested: sleeping and relaxing helps the body direct energy toward the immunity battle internally.
3. Gargle: moistens a sore throat and brings temporary relief, 1 tsp. of salt per cup of water 4 times per day.
4. Drink hot liquids: relieves nasal congestion and helps prevent dehydration, soothes inflamed membranes that line the nose and throat.
5. Take a steamy shower: moisturizes your nasal passages and relaxes you.
6. Apply hot/cold packs around congested sinuses: either temperature may help you feel more comfortable.
7. Sleep with an extra pillow under your head: helps drain nasal passages.
8. Don’t fly unless necessary: added air pressure puts more stress on your respiratory system.
9. Stay at home and rest 24 hours AFTER a fever has broken: prevent the spread of the flu!
The best way to prevent the flu is to get vaccinated early! Flu season usually starts in October and it takes about two weeks for the protective properties of the vaccine to take effect. By being vaccinated, you help your body to build antibodies to fight off the infection easier. To schedule your appointment, call Student Health at (701)777-4500.
Also, don’t forget to wash your hands, eat healthy, exercise, and clean your work space. It will greatly reduce your risk of getting the flu. Stay healthy and away from this virus!
Posted on March 12, 2014, in Environmental, H&W Hub, Immunizations and Vaccinations, Men's Health, Occupational, Physical, Social, Women's Health and tagged influenza, National Institutes of Health. Bookmark the permalink. Leave a comment.